Like any other medical device in its class, use of the T-plus is guided by the experience of a specialised doctor and a specifically-trained therapist. The key to its technological effectiveness lies in the ability to stimulate endogenous reactions within the body that, when used properly, accelerate and reinforce therapeutic results. Generally speaking, these reactions can be summarised as increased blood perfusion and oxygen supply, vasodilation, a rise in temperature, and cellular proliferation. Such reactions don’t necessarily occur all at once, but they can be stimulated during therapy depending on the patient’s needs. The type and degree of stimuli are determined by the physical therapist and the doctor according to the goals of a given treatment phase. A well-designed therapeutic programme can drastically reduce the time required to cure whatever ails the patient.
The T-Plus model is a type IIB, CE-registered medical device which is considered a part of the tecar technology range. The device is composed of:
- an alternating current generator that varies in polarity at a constant frequency of 0.448 Mhz
- two types of electrodes: resistive and capacitive
- return plate
The non-invasive device, applied directly to the human body, transmits or generates current within the body tissue with the aim of stimulating particular physiological reactions which are beneficial to the body’s natural repair processes. The circuit is delivered by the generator through two main components: an electrode and a return plate which are placed in contact with the body.
Once the generator is turned on, the intensity of the generated current varies based on:
- the tension, or rather the applied potential difference
- the circuit resistance, which in turn depend on the characteristics of the tissues under treatment and the type of electrodes employed.
The tension, expressed in volts, is controlled by the operator. The current is transmitted or generated in the body via two modes: one resistive, the other capacitive.
In resistive mode, the current is transmitted to the body via an electrode made from conductive material, whereas in capacitive mode, the current is generated through an electrode with a conductive core with an isolating (dielectric) shield.
Diverse shapes and sizes of electrodes are available and the choice of which to use is made by the operator based on the typology and volume of tissue to treat. Given the same generated current, the distribution of current within the body tissue varies according to the electrical characteristics of the tissue itself and according to the electrical properties of the electrodes being used.
The peculiarity of the T-Plus model, its power, the variety of available electrodes, the electrical properties of the materials used in its components all set this device apart, especially in terms of efficiency, when compared to similar machines in its category.
The effects of the technology can be divided into two groups: thermal and non-thermal.
The non-thermal effect simulates the build up of cellular proliferation, while the thermal effect acts on blood perfusion, increasing the volume of oxygen within the body tissue, and on increasing the temperature of the body tissue.